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Publication MIO : Main authors : Daniel González-Fernández (University of Cádiz, Spain) and Georg Hanke (European Commission, Joint Research Centre). "Floating macro litter in European rivers - top items"

Version imprimable de cet article

Publisher : Publications Office of the European Union
Publication Year : 2018
JRC N° : JRC108172
ISBN : 978-92-79-96373-5 (online)
ISSN : 1831-9424 (online)
Other Identifiers : EUR 29383 EN
OP KJ-NA-29383-EN-N (online)

Main authors : Daniel González-Fernández (University of Cádiz, Spain) and
Georg Hanke (European Commission, Joint Research Centre).

RiLON authors(alphabetical order) : Ahmet Kideys (METU, Ankara, Turkey), Alícia
Navarro Ortega (IDAEA/CSIC, Barcelona, Spain), Anna Sanchez Vidal (
Universitat de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain), Antoine Bruge (Surfrider Foundation Europe, Biarritz, France), Bayram Öztürk (TÜDAV, Istanbul, Turkey), Carla Palma (Instituto Hidrográfico, Lisbon, Portugal), Chiara Santinelli (CNR/Biophysics Institute, Genoa, Italy), Daan Duijsings (Rijkswaterstaat, Amsterdam,Netherlands), Damià Barceló (IDAEA/CSIC, Barcelona, Spain), Elias Dimitiriu (HCMR, Athens, Greece), Elisa Rojo-Nieto (University of Cádiz, Cadiz,Spain), Fernando Ferreira (Águas de Gaia Em SA, Vila Nova de Gaia, Portugal), Filipa Bessa (MARE, Coimbra, Portugal), Giuseppe Suaria (CNR/ISMAR, Lerici, Italy), Grzegorz Siedlewicz (IO PAN, Sopot, Poland), Javier Castro Jímenez (MIO, Marseille, France), Joana Germano (Odiana Association, Castro Marim, Portugal), Joana Pereira de Brito (Águas de Gaia Em, SA, Vila Nova de Gaia, Portugal), Júlia Rigueira (Oikos, Queijas, Portugal), Ksenia Pazdro (IO PAN, Sopot, Poland), María Cabrera (Paisaje limpio, Madrid, Spain), Maria Pogojeva (SOI, Moscow, Russian Federation), Marianne Köck Schulmeyer (IDAEA/CSIC, Barcelona, Spain), Mel Constant (CEFREM, Perpignan, France), Miquel Canals Artigas (Universitat de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain), Miriam Paraboschi (Accademia del Leviatano, Rome, Italy), Myrto Tourgeli (iSea conservation of aquatic ecosystems, Thessaloniki, Greece), Nino Machitadze (Tbilisi State University, Tbilisi, Georgia), Nuno Ratola (LEPABE-FEUP - University of Porto, Porto, Portugal), Oksana Savenko (UkrSCES, Odessa, Ukraine), Philippe Kerherve (CEFREM, Pergignan, France), Richard Sempéré (MIO, Marseille, France), Rigers Bakiu (Agricultural University of Tirana, Tirana, Albania), Roberto Crosti (ISPRA, Rome, Italy), Rosanna Schoeneich-Argent (ICBM - Terramare - Carl von Ossietzky Universität Oldenburg, Oldenburg, Germany), Samuelle Landry Levesque (UQAR, Rimouski, Canada), Tiago Agostinho (Odiana Association, Castro Marim , Portugal), Yael Segal (IOLR, Haifa, Israel) and Yuri Galletti (CNR/Biophysics Institute, Genoa, Italy).


The JRC exploratory project RIMMEL provides information about litter, mainly plastic waste, entering the European Seas through river systems. RIMMEL has collected data on riverine floating macro litter inputs to the sea. Data acquisition was based on the Riverine Litter Observation Network (RiLON) activities, which collected data from rivers in the European marine basins over a period of one year (September 2016 – September 2017). Scientists from MIO coordinated and performed the observations in the Rhone river (France). Data was collected by visual observations and documented with the JRC Floating Litter Monitoring Application for mobile devices, allowing a harmonized reporting, compatible with the MSFD Master List of Categories for Litter Items. This report includes the Top Items lists of riverine floating macro litter, based on the total amount of litter items identified during RiLON activities and ranked by abundance. Top Items lists have been elaborated considering the whole database for the European Seas and further detailed for each individual European regional sea : Baltic Sea, Black Sea, Mediterranean Sea and North-East Atlantic. The North-East Atlantic and the Mediterranean Sea regions showed similar litter categories in their Top 20 Items. These two regions provided most of the available data, influencing the general Top Items list. In the Black Sea and Baltic Sea regions, where data availability was limited, the Top Items lists showed more differences among the different regions. Overall, the general Top Items list for the European Seas showed a predominance of plastic item categories (artificial polymer materials). As a whole, plastic items made up to 80.8% of all objects, with plastic and polystyrene fragments comprising 45% of the identified items in the database. Additionally, Single Use Plastics such as bottles, cover/packaging and bags were also ranked among the most frequently found floating litter. The similarities in the Top 10 and Top 20 items for the different regions, and the appearance of Single Use Plastics scoring high in the ranking, support the need for common actions against plastic pollution at EU level."

Contact/more info : Javier Castro Jiménez /

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