|Ecosystem-Based Versus Species-Based Approach for Assessment of the Human Impact on the Mediterranean Seagrass Posidonia oceanica |
Auteur(s): Boudouresque C.-F., Personnic S., Astruch P., Ballesteros Enric, Bellan-Santini Denise, Bonhomme P., THIBAULT-BOTHA Delphine, Feunteun E., Harmelin M., Pergent Gérard, Pastor Jérémy, Poggiale J.-C., Renaud Florent, Thibaut T., Ruitton S.
Ouvrage: Springer International Publishing, vol. Part IV (2015) p. 235-241
Ref HAL: hal-01220667_v1
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Biotic indices, which reflect the quality of the environment, are widely used in the marine realm. The Posidonia oceanica seagrass meadow is a benthic sublittoral habitat characteristic of the Mediterranean Sea. The Ecosystem-Based Quality Index (EBQI) is based upon the overall functioning of the Posidonia oceanica ecosystem, from primary producers and the litter to top predators. It is compliant with the Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD) of the European Union (EU). It provides managers with a response that is very different from that of the indices only based upon the key species P. oceanica and a few affiliate species. While the species-based indices are mainly designed for assessing the water quality of a waterbody (e.g. pollution), the EBQI provides a picture of the actual status of the ecosystem functioning, including not only pollution but also the whole range of human impacts, from anchoring to overfishing.